螳螂拳象形拳之一。属北派螳螂拳,又名马猴螳螂拳。动作、劲法趋于柔,故而亦有“软螳螂拳”之称。据传为清朝同治年间一名唤魏德林的军犯,自山东登州(今蓬莱)越狱潜逃,匿于招远串林家村林氏庄园中。伤愈后,为报答调养之恩而授艺传“短捶”,又叫马猴螳螂拳(即马猴步型,螳螂臂),演变称为螳螂拳。因为手指间有肉膜相连,状似鸭趾,人传为“鸭子巴掌”,后又有称“光板螳螂”。
TheLiuHeTangLangQuanisonekindofanimal-imitationboxing.ItbelongstotheNorthernSchoolMantisBoxing,andisalsoknownasMonkeyMantisBoxing.Theactionandstrengthtendstobesoftandthereforeitisalsoknownas“SoftMantisBoxing”.ItissaidthattherewasamilitaryoffendernamedWeiDelinintheEmperorTongzhiperiodinQingDynasty;hebroketheprisonandescapedfromDengzhou,Shandongprovince(nowPenglai)andhiddenintheManorLininZhaoyuan,Shandongprovince.Whenherecoveredfromtheinjury,inordertorepaythesaver,hetaughtthesaverTheLiuHeDuanChui(SixConformitiesshort-hammer),alsoknownasMonkeyMaMantisBoxing(ThatistheMonkeyMaStepRoutine,MantisArm).LateritdevelopedasSixConformitiesMantisBoxing.AsthefingersofWeilookliketheshapeofducktoe,peoplealsocalleditthe“duckslap”,andlaternamed“mantis”.
后林世春得此拳术,经过勤学苦修,艺成后遐迩闻名。螳螂拳在练法和技法上强调以“意变”导“形变”,意会身随。要求活似机轮,圆似钢球,上下相随,内外合一。劲力分刚、柔、明、暗、滑五劲。套路主要有短锤、双封、铁刺、藏花、仙手奔、照面灯、截手圈以及摘要、九十三手等。
LinShichunlearnedthisboxingroutine,afteryearsofpractice,hismartialartsarewellknown.TheLiuHeTangLangQuanemphasize…